Within the first work package of the NeMESI project activities, activities have been performed to map the current processes and structures for skills needs identification and skills matching in the partners’ countries, including the elements topics, actors, and decision making.
For this purpose, desk researches have been realized by partners to formulate scenarios based on state-of-the-art and trends. Reasearches provide a quickshot of the ICT and Green Economy sectors scenarios with regard to skill needs identification, skills matching, and skills shortage.
Below, a short summary of the four desk researches is drafted.
The Italian scenario (IRFI)
In its “Agenda for new skills and jobs” (23/11/2010), the European Commission underlines: “EU employment and skills policies that help shape the transition to a green, smart and innovative economy must be a matter of priority”. As reported by the Draft Joint Employment Report (2011), “the labour markets that are emerging from the crisis are changing and many Member States are looking at creating high value added and sustainable greener economies. These are essential for the creation of more jobs and for meeting the climate/energy targets. At the same time it is necessary to support workforce adaptability…”.
The Spanish scenario (CREA)
- ICT sector overview
According to the latest data (2013), the Spanish ICT sector has a total of 61.902 companies, whereas Aragon has 1.668 companies. The sector is characterized by the small size of its companies. Indeed, although the economic crisis has reduced the number of companies in all sectors, the ICT sector has experienced a self-employment boom that has turned into an increasing of the number of companies (21,06% in Spain and 37,17% in Aragon).
The Slovakian scenario (RDA)
In Slovakia, there is no genuine system and there were no reliable mechanisms developed for anticipation of skill needs so far. There is no institution and there are no specialists focusing on qualitative anticipation of skills needs. In October 2009, the government discussed the information on forecasting labour market needs and skill needs subimtted by the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Family on its own initiative as a reaction to the EU „New Skills for Nw Jobs“ initiative. For the first time labour demand was forecasted according to three cathegories of education (low, medium, high).
The German scenario (ISM)
The Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) as well as the Federal Ministry for Environment and Reactor Security (BMU) initiate or give the order for various publications, research and support measures in the Green Economy sector. The literature for the development of research and for the growth of small and medium-sized enterprizes (KMU) predicts a large growth potential of the players in this sector.