Centers of vocational education and development


RDA - Regional Development Agency Senec-Pezinok, Senec, SLOVAKIA



Contact details of the main implementing body

Name of the organisation, original language

Slovenská obchodná a priemyselná komora

Name of the organisation, English translation

Slovak Chamber of Commerce and Industry

Web page


Name of the practice, original language

Centrá odborného vzdelávania a prípravy



Description of the practice

According to the qualified assumptions of the employers, out of the total number of 60 thousand graduates from the secondary vocational schools, only 6 percent is able to find a job. In 2991, Slovakia was at the first place within the OECD countries as for the exerciseability and preparedness of the gradutes for practice, nowadays, Slovakia experiences the third place from the back of the ladder. The number of secondary technical vocational school students, compared to non. Technical or comprehensive secondary schools, has decreasing tendency. There is a clear lack of practical education resulting in the fact that all professions are missing qualified professionals. The Slovak employers associated at the Government Council for vocational education and development, have decided to solve this situation and to transform the secondary vocational education system. Their key vision is to provide the graduates with the possibility to join the labour market. The transformation consists of 5 pillars: I. Labour market needs, II. Adjustment of the school performances, III. Career advisory services, IV. Modernization of schools, V. Verification of quality and exerciseabiity of the graduates.

Policy context


The vocational education and development is anchored in the following legislative provisions:


  1. Act No. 184/2009 Coll. on vocational education and development
  2. Act No. 324/2012 Coll. amending Act No. 184/2009 on vocational education and development
  3. Decree No. 451/2012 Coll. amending Decree No. 282/2009 Coll. on secondary schools

The self- governing regions create regional strategies of vocational education and development in ccordination with the respective county offices for education, offices of labour, social affairs and family, employers or regional chambers of professional organizations, professional unions and employment councils.

Labour market context

In the Slovak market, there are few big ICT companies employing more than 1/3 of the ICT professionals. In 2012, the total NO. Of ICT employees amounted to 40 000 people, i.e. cca 5% out of the total employment in the SR. The employees are divided unevenly in the sector, since there are thousands of ICT SMEs providing jobs to less than 10 people. There is also a large number of freelancers not being internally employed within the ICT company, but providing external services.


a/ professional education and development of the students to be able to perform their professional activities focusing on quality of education and versatility of the graduates at the labour market,

b/ further vocational education of the teachers and other professional school employees,

c/ lifelong education for the labour market needs,

d/ requalification education,

e/ creation and implementation of new scholar education programs, innovation of the content of the school education programs,

f/ applied research, or cooperation with a research institution, if appropriate,

g/ international cooperation,

h/ advisory and other services of the concrete professional specialization,

i/ drafting and co- drafting of the professional education texts,

j/ cooperation with elementary schools and employers,

k/ incentivization and evaluation of the students

Management and operation

Slovak Chamber of Commerce and Industry

Target groups/beneficiaries

Secondary schools providing specialized education and training in the field of ICT, educators and other professionals employed at the respective schools, employers, employers´ associations and organizations.

Start date

Value not entered

End date (actual or planned)

Value not entered

Gender dimension

Value not entered

Products involved in or resulting from the practice

Up to date, 38 Centers of vocational education and development established at the secondary schools, incl. 4 Centers specialized in ICT sector:

Outcomes of the practice (planned/expected and actual)

  • Effective and open system of vocational education
  • Ensuring quality in practical education
  • Ensuring requalification services for the public and employers
  • Support provided to the education providers
  • Provision of advisory services
  • Publication activities
  • Engagement of the employers in the process of the professional personnel education

Source of funding

National budget (tax revenue), Regional budget (tax revenue), Other sources, please specify

Professional organizations and associations

Main responsible body, type

Chamber of Commerce (or its agency) at regional or local level, Local/regional body or authority other than Chamber of Commerce or PES. Please specify, Business organisation/association at regional or local level


Role of implementing body

Management and overall supervision

Other bodies involved in implementation of the practice as partners or contractors


Evaluation - Was the practice evaluated?



Target group(s)

Employers, Jobseekers, People seeking training


All employers, Micro enterprises, Small enterprises, Medium enterprises, Large enterprises


All unemployed, Long-term unemployed, Employed (threatened by redundancy), Youth, Older jobseekers, Disabled (physical) / Disabled (mental/psychological), Men, Women

People seeking training

Employees, Out of work - adult, Out or work - youth

B.2 Type of practice

B.2.1 Practices related to management or servicing of clients

Registration, skill assessments, identification of client needs and matching

Registration of clients, Skill assessment, Identification of clients’ needs, Matching services

B.2.2 Practices related to labour market information and improvement of micro and smes’ procedures

Labour market information (LMI)

Collection of LMI (demand, supply or both), Analysis of LMI

Micro and SMEs’ procedures

Design and implementation of high quality apprenticeship/interniship programmes

B.2.3 Practices related to skill mismatch reduction

Supports aimed at reducing skill mismatch (targeted to unemployed or employed)

Training (classroom), Training (work-based, including apprenticeship)

Supports aimed at reducing skill mismatch: labour mobility

Value not entered

Sharing the cost of training and skills development

Value not entered

B.3 Delivery method(s)

Delivery methods involved

Value not entered

B.4 Contracting out

Extent of contracting out of practice: The service is contracted out…


Type of subcontractor(s)

Value not entered

B.5 Partnership

Type of partners involved in implementation of the practice


SECTION C - Information about evaluation of the practice

When was the practice evaluated?

Value not entered

Type of organisation carrying out the evaluation

Value not entered

Details of the organisation responsible for carrying out the evaluation

Name of the organisation, original language/Name of the evaluator

Value not entered

Name of the organisation, English translation

Value not entered

E mail

Value not entered

Web page

Value not entered

Overall evaluation methodology/methodology

Value not entered

Indicators in the evaluation

Value not entered

Main findings of the evaluation

Value not entered

Change in practice following evaluation

Value not entered

C.1 Documentation of the evaluation

Type of documentation

Value not entered


Value not entered

Monitoring evidence

Value not entered


D.1 - Evidence of results

Value not entered

D.2 - Relevance

Value not entered

D.3 - Availability of clear and adequate information

Value not entered

D.4 - Impact

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D.5 - Innovation

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D.6 - Broad-based participation

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D.7 - Sustainability

Value not entered

D.8 - Mainstreaming

Value not entered

D.9 - European Added Value and Transferability

Value not entered

D.10 - Additional comments

Value not entered

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